Tuesday, May 19, 2020

How Did Israel Survive After It's Birth in 1948 When War Was Already Happening?

Nadene Goldfoot                                           
Palestinian irregulars of the Holy War Army, approaching al-Qastal village near Jerusalem to take it back from Palmach.On the night of April 7-8, under the command of Abd al-Qadir al-Husseini, Palestinian irregulars counterattacked the Haganah occupiers of Castel. The Palestinians are seen here moving to the counterattack.
  The real question should be how did it manage to survive before its birth when in the womb, so to speak?  A Civil War was happening between the Arab and Jewish communities in Eretz YIsrael that started after November 29, 1947.  This war was started by the Arabs.  They refused to accept the UN partition resolution.  The proposed Arab state never came into being, the Arab areas being taken over by Jordan and Egypt, and the recommended economic union was not implemented.  These changes were incorporated in the Rhodes Agreements between Israel and Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria when the military phase of Israel's War of Independence was ended.  

From the beginning of April 1948, units of Arab irregulars  entered the country from Syria, Lebanon and Egypt to reinforce local Arabs in their attacks of Jewish communities and to block the main roads.  

Then on May 14, 1948, the very day the Jews announced statehood, Eretz Yisrael was invaded by the regular armies of Egypt, Transjordan, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon and the Saudi Arabian contingent in about 5 minutes after the radio announcement.  
Aftermath of the car bomb attack on the Ben Yehuda St., which killed 53 and injured many more.

The next day, Azzam Pasha, Secretary General of the Arab League, proclaimed in Cairo: "This will be a war of extermination and a momentous massacre which will be spoken of like the Mongolian massacres and Crusades." They had been known as the League of Arab StatesThe Arab League was formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945 initially with six members: EgyptIraqTransjordan (renamed Jordan in 1949), LebanonSaudi Arabia, and Syria. Yemen joined as a member on 5 May 1945. Currently, the League has 22 members, but Syria's participation has been suspended since November 2011.  Their major trading partner was THE UNITED KINGDOM.  

The Egyptian army attacked and got as far as 30 km south of Tel Aviv.  Arab forces besieged Jerusalem. The Iraqi army got 15 km from the Mediterranean and threatened to cut Israel in two.  The Syrian army advanced west into the Upper Galilee and was set to amputate Israel's finger in the north. 
War of Independence

Israel only had 650,000 population and really had no army to speak of at all. They depended on the Haganah to defend all these people and they were so poorly equipped to do so.  Yet they managed to drive back these invading forces.  It was a matter of do or die.  The fighters penetrated into the Sinai peninsula to drive out the Egyptian invaders.  Today Israel has a Jewish population of over 6 million, the very number they lost in the Holocaust from 1939-1945.  The need for the return to Eretz Yisrael was great as the climate was continually bad for them in the other parts of the world as it had been before WWII.  

"While the Jewish population was ordered to hold their ground everywhere at all costs, the Arab population was disrupted by general conditions of insecurity. Up to 100,000 Arabs from the urban upper and middle classes in Haifa, Jaffa and Jerusalem, or Jewish-dominated areas, evacuated abroad or to Arab centres to the east."
Jewish fighters in War of Independence

6,000 Jews were killed in this War of Independence;  more than in all the subsequent wars combined.  

A truce was called and negotiations for an armistice began.  During 1949, separate armistice agreements were signed between Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria.  In each agreement it was laid down that the purpose was to create the transition from the truce to permanent peace.  Nobody foresaw that instead of leading to peace, the Egyptian agreement would dissolve in 7 years in another war, and the after 18 years, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon would also start another war with Israel.   

Israel has had to fight in 12 major wars:
1947-1949  The Israeli War of Independence
1956   The Suez Campaign
1967   The Six Day War
1973   The Yom Kippur War
1982   Operation Peace for Galilee
1985-2000  South Lebanon Conflict
1987-1993  1st Intifada
2000-2005  2nd Intifada
2006  Lebanon War
2008-2009  Gaza War
Operation Pillar of Defense  2012
Operation Protective Edge  2014  

No nation should be forced to go to war time and time again, not in these centuries when people had created THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS to stop wars followed by the better plan of the United Nations.  
Knesset in Jerusalem
 No nation should be surrounded by neighbors who dream of its destruction-and by that I mean that Palestine, who does, should not become a state with Israel's original land.  That is close.  It's in Israel's back yard lot.  It's bad enough to have neighbors already who are just beginning to get used to Israel, hopefully now accepting peace with Israel.

No nation should have to explain year after year that it has the right to live, and to defend itself over and over again. 

 No nation should be judged at the United Nations by Middle Eastern countries hatefully minded to Israel, and picked upon continually while other actual warlike nations are given the green light and their actions against others are ignored, never to be brought up for discussion.  
Moshe Dayan 1915-1981
Haganah member as a teen, a founder of Palmah
lost his eye fighting in Lebanon when in British army.
In Independence fought Syrian army, was minister of
Defense of Israel just before 6 day war.  
Israel has had to do all these things.  
Throughout all of this, Israel continues to progress and grow in a way that only benefits the world.  This happens in their scientific achievements in so many ways, now in medical ways, finding ways to fight the coronavirus for one.  She shares so much with the world while her hospital near Gaza has had to go underground from attacks of rockets, missiles and mortars.  

Israel is a miracle.  It's the most ancient of all countries and is here despite the unacceptance it has found for 3,000 years.  Israel has a purpose in mind, a job to do, to be a light for people, something to live up to in expectations of itself.  It notes when others have lent a helping hand when it was pushed down and trodded upon, which is not forgotten.  It's a light for them to show where their goal must be.  


Movie:  Cast A Giant Shadow with Kirk Douglas, Senta Berger, Frank Sinatra
Facts about Israel from Information, Foreign Affairs, Jerusalem

No comments: