Wednesday, June 24, 2015

Gaza Ignores Warning: Continues Provoking

Nadene Goldfoot                                                                   
Iron Dome Worked

Israel's IAF took out a rocket launcher in Gaza last night after it had shot a rocket towards Kibbutz Yad Mordechai.  Sirens were heard to warn the populace at 10:00pm.

Hamas accuses a jihadist group who are attacking them, inference of it being ISIS or one of a copy-cat of Hamas, being they are so close in goals and behaviors..
                                                                             
Shooting a rocket from Gaza towards a Kibbutz
The UN, in the meantime, have made a ruling,  unfavorable as usual,  towards Israel.  They understand nothing of what has been going on but act as judge and jury.   Netanyahu called their report "flawed and biased."

Does anyone know on their panel the difference between offensive and defensive attacks?  Is their no difference in their basket of morality rules the difference between wanting to drive someone out-lock, stock and barrel, and defending oneself against such attacks?
                                                                     
Defensive measures needed for tiny Israel 
They may want to see Israel just take all the slings and arrows from the Palestinians without complaint, but it ain't goin ta happen.  Israel is not made up of appeasers, but defenders.  The genes of Aluf Bar Kochba and King David run in their bloodline.  They are there to stay and the Palestinians would be better off if they would accept that fact and work together with Israel for the betterment of their people.  After all, Israel is not trying to run them out.  Israelis gave up living in Gaza years ago in the name of peace.  They've been kicked in the shpelkas for being more than reasonable and peaceful.  The UN does not know how to measure acts other than the black and white kind.  Leave or stay.  Since Israel is staying, they are in the wrong in their eyes.  No matter what great lengths Israel has gone to not hit Arab citizens  in Gaza in their defensive operations, it hasn't mattered a twit to the UN.  At least it matters to Israel.  They know they did everything in their power; something their enemy would never do for them.

Resource:  http://www.breakingisraelnews.com/44037/iaf-strikes-gaza-rocket-launcher-following-attack-idf/?utm_source=Breaking+Israel+News&utm_campaign=d380a7a126-BIN+Email&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_b6d3627f72-d380a7a126-83518689#0hHUmjWPA00thupB.97
Additional:  http://www.jerusalemonline.com/news/politics-and-military/military/idf-attacks-in-gaza-in-response-to-rocket-fire-towards-israel-14186%20?utm_source=ActiveCampaign&utm_medium=email&utm_content=IDF+attacks+Gaza+in+response+to+rocket+fire%2C+Islamic+State+destroys+ancient+city+of+Tadmur%2C+9+arrested+for+lynching+Syrian+rebels+and+more+news+at+JerusalemOnline&utm_campaign=MiddayNewsletter

Monday, June 22, 2015

What Provoking War With Israel Will Bring

Nadene Goldfoot                                                                        
Hezbollah Terrorist
Nasrallah, head of Hezbollah with Iran's Ayatollah Khamenei 



Israel has been attacked either  by surrounding nations or the many  terrorist groups that have sprung up around her since 1948 in their War of Independence that started on November 29, 1947.  68 years of such stubborn actions to show they do not want to make peace with Israel and the ensuing damnations from their sympathizers are something Israel's military has to be constantly prepared for.  Israel is on the alert from attacks by Hezbollah in Lebanon now.  Recent threats have come from Hezbollah's Hassan Nasrallah.  Gaza has started firing missiles into southern Israel.  
                                                                             
             
                                                  Hezbollah (Party of God)

Lebanon is another small country who is Israel's neighbor harboring Hezbollah.  Lebanon had the normal population of about 4,196,453 but today must have doubled or tripled with Syrian refugees added to the mix.  This was the fun state to come to for vacations, as it was only 60% Muslim and used to have a Christian majority government.  Today, Hezbollah terrorists have taken over.  They are sponsored by Iran.  The citizens of Lebanon have gone along with them, one even showing  a picture of their leader on their living room wall.                                                            

Their ideology is that of Shia Islamic fundamentalist terrorism as a political party.  Their goal is to establish an Islamic state across the Arab world and eliminate Israel.  They believe in fighting "Western imperialism" which would be the USA, for one.
                                                                   
They support Palestinian terror groups, set up cells in Judea and Samaria and Gaza, and continuously attack across the border of Lebanon/Israel.  The USA State Dept lists them as a terrorist organization.

Maj. Gen. Amir Eshel of the IAF in Israel in an interview with a German newspaper, explained how they have now warned Lebanese civilians of upcoming attacks and said that if provoked, they will not restrain themselves.  They've warned Hamas and Hezbollah and told them they'll hit their command centers whether they are in a building in Lebanon or Gaza if attacked.  They have reason to believe that Hezbollah has been preparing for the next combat round with Israel and to realize that Israel will be forceful.  They will do everything in their power not to hit citizens.  are will be told to evacuate first.
                                                                           
Hamas terrorists -hiding identity behind black masks
Hezbollah and Hamas are working together to provoke Israel.  .  In the last several years the terrorists have been transferring their military facilities into civilian areas, again using their own population as a human shield.  This is so terrible since the population is over flooded with refugees and they are living in every empty nook and cranny they can find.

Hezbollah has been working hard to prove that Israel has no right to be in the Middle East.  They are trying to undermine their legitimacy in the region.  So they fight.  I suppose they were much happier under the crooked Ottoman Empire who kept everyone down.  Well now, they are probably going to ruin this happy oasis of fun and games that Lebanon has been, sort of like the Las Vegas  or Paris of the Middle East.

 Hezbollah has been acting as if they are the great provider for their country, the protector. That seems to be how the public is viewing them.
                                                                           
When asked in a TV program last night what their greatest problem is right now, a representative of Lebanon's programming  said it was ISIS.   Once they solve that problem, they can fact the Israeli problem, he inferred.  Evidently he'd be happier if Israel were out of the way, too.
                                                                   
Last night CNN's Anthony Bourdain, Parts Unknown, featured his 3rd trip to Beirut called Back To Beirut,  and as a chef, showed different scenes of Anthony eating lovely food there.  In one scene they spoke with an educated English speaking Syrian refugee telling about their horrid living conditions and the next scene was in a gorgeous American style kitchen and dining room eating enough food for any army that looked scrumptious.  What caught my eye was the picture on the living-room wall of Nasrallah, and his comment about doing without Israel later.  An interview of a young Syrian lady refugee asked her what would happen to her when her visa was up, which was in a few months, and she didn't know.  She feared she'd have to return to Syria and die there.  I have a friend in Damascus.  I am worried about him and his family as well.

Here Israel is taking care  many Syrian refugees'  bodily injuries and the general population is following their leaders'  detestable attitude towards Israel.  It was Lebanon's Christian Militia led by Major Hadad in the 80's when they were pretty good friends.

Israel warned and warned and warned Gaza civilians of their coming to attack the terrorists who had attacked them, but it did no good.  They had used text messages and phone announcements and still they didn't move.  This enemy's immorality kept them in full view of impending attacks and in harm's way.

 Resource: http://www.jerusalemonline.com/news/politics-and-military/military/iaf-chief-says-if-hezbollah-attacks-response-would-be-very-forceful-14121%20?utm_source=ActiveCampaign&utm_medium=email&utm_content=Flotilla+left+Sicily%2C+Explosion+in+Afghan+Parliament%2C+new+Iranian+bill+could+prevent+nuclear+deal+and+more+news+at+JerusalemOnline&utm_campaign=MiddayNewsletter
http://www.cnn.com/shows/anthony-bourdain-parts-unknown

Friday, June 05, 2015

Southern Israel Hit With Rocket Attacks Six Times in 2015

Nadene Goldfoot                                                                     
Rockets from Gaza into Southern Israel

Israel's Operation Protective Edge started July 8,  2014,  came to an end on August 26, 2014. It had lasted for 1 month 2 weeks 4 days.   Hamas fired some rockets from Lebanon.
  
4,594 rockets and mortars had been launched towards Israel.  Gaza and Israel had an unoffical cease-fire.

A cease-fire  lasted for  6 months.  Then in February 2015 , the Palestinians fired one rocket into Israel.  

On April 23, Israel's 67th Independence Day (May 14, 1948 birth), a rocket was fired from the Gaza Strip at Israel.  It hit an open field in the Sha'ar HaNegev region near Sderot causing no injuries or damage.  Evidently the Arabs knew Israel was using their Hebrew calendar for this event.  

In May, Palestinians fired one rocket into Israel.  It was on May 27th when an M-75 or Grad missile impacted in Gan Yavne, a city east of Ashdod.  No report of injuries or damage were noted.  

This month, the 4th of June-Wednesday Israel time at about 11:00pm, Ashkelon and Netivot's sirens sounded because 3 rockets were fired from Gaza at Israel and exploded near those cities.  2 landed in Sdot Negev Regional Council area and 1 near Ashkelon.  No casualties or damage were reported.  

This time, after 6 rockets had been shot into their land this year,  the IDF retaliated the next morning with airstrikes against empty Hamas training camps in Gaza.  Then the Palestinians complained to Egypt that Israel was hitting them!  

The Times of Israel reported: that "a Hamas source told Israel Radio that the rockets may have been fired by a cell of Salafist extremists allied with the Islamic State in retaliation for one of its members being killed by Hamas on Tuesday. The source said that Hamas was deploying its troops across the Gaza Strip to keep the peace."

So here we have fighting in Gaza over supremacy; Hamas and Salafist IS terrorists.  At this time, Obama is claiming that Israel really doesn't want peace, and it's Israel who is the victim of terrorism and their associated bombing!   I think that all Obama is concerned with is filling in his list of Things to Do during his 2nd term in office, regardless of what's going on.  
                                                                            

Ashkelon is constantly in danger from bombing.  In the early 1950s, many South African Jews settled in Ashkelon, establishing the Afridar neighbourhood. They were followed by an influx of immigrants from the United Kingdom.  In 2011 the city had a population of 117,400.  it holds an important hospital for the area that serves both Arabs and Jews.  

Resource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Palestinian_rocket_attacks_on_Israel,_2015
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/06/rockets-fired-gaza-southern-israel-150603230355923.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/04/world/middleeast/gaza-militants-fire-rockets-into-israel.html?_r=0
http://rt.com/news/264769-gaza-explosions-israel-missiles/
http://www.timesofisrael.com/rocket-sirens-sound-in-southern-israel-2/
http://www.jewishjournal.com/rosnersdomain/item/more_gaza_rockets_more_gaza_fears-Excellent opinion article
http://www.breakingisraelnews.com/30418/report-hamas-military-wing-fired-rockets-israel-lebanon-summer-war-middle-east/
https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/rockets2011.html
http://htl.li/NUIUV?fb_ref=Default&fb_source=message

Hamas Blames Israel for Defending Itself From Rockets-tells Egypt to stop Israel.  




Thursday, June 04, 2015

IS in Gaza and Rockets Fired Into Israel

Nadene Goldfoot                                                    
IS in Gaza
After a nice respite, Gaza was at it again on Wednesday night, Israel time,  and Ashkelon, Netivot and other communities heard the alarm sirens.

A couple of rockets had been shot into the Sderot, Israel area (Sdot ha-Negev Regional Council) and within a few hours early Thursday morning , the Israel Air force attacked three Hamas targets.
                                                                       
 This time around, the IDF is viewing rocket fire very seriously.  Moshe Ya'alon, Defense Minister,  commented that Israel will not tolerate the occasional rocket fire anymore.

The firing turned out to be not from Hamas's Sunni or Shi'a Muslims, but from the extreme Salafi Muslims who have ties with  IS as it was they who claimed responsibility, but Hamas is responsible for such goings on and knows it.  This was in reaction to the execution of an IS terrorist by Hamas in Gaza on Tuesday.

These Salafists call themselves the Omar Hadid Brigades.  They commented, "We are continuing with our jihad against the Jews, the enemies of Allah, and no one will be able to deter us."  We Jews have fallen from the "apple of G-d's eye" to the"enemies of G-d, now with them."

The report is that IS and Hamas have been fighting each other for control.  Saber Siam, an IS leader had been killed by Hamas, but Israel gets the punishment.  Weird logic, Hamas won't mind at all.  I think the idea is to get all the credit and leave Hamas incapable in the public eye.  IS is stealing Hamas's thunder and is making points, they think, from the Gazans.  IS thinks nothing of killing other Muslims that are not members of IS.

Resource:  http://www.jerusalemonline.com/news/politics-and-military/military/iaf-strikes-gaza-targets-over-rocket-fire-13822
http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/1.659534




Thursday, May 21, 2015

The True Legal Facts On THE GREEN LINE Near Jerusalem and WHY

Nadene Goldfoot                                                                          

                                                                           
THE GREEN LINE is not a permanent boundary.  It never was and never was intended to become one.

Israel was declared a state on May 14, 1948 when the British  mandate ended after 30 years. Israel announced its statehood and about 5 minutes later was attacked by all her Arab neighbors.  Attacks on the Jews had started before on November 29, 1947.  The Arabs had become violent when they heard the United Nation's resolution on Palestine, and this lasted until the signing of the Armistice Agreements in 1949.  This Arab-Israeli conflict was called Israel's War of Independence.
                                                                             
What had started as a civil war between the Arab and Jewish communities in the Land had been started by the Arabs who refused to accept the resolution from the UN.  From the beginning of April 1948, units of Arab irregulars crossed into the country from Syria, Lebanon and Egypt to reinforce local Arabs in their attacks on the Jewish neighborhoods.  The Arabs were attempting to block the main roads, too.

On May 14, 1948, Israel was invaded by the regular armies of Egypt, Transjordan, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon and there was even a Saudi-Arabian contingent.  They had come up from the south.  The next day, Azzam Pasha, Secretary-General of the Arab League, proclaimed in Cairo:  "This will be a war of extermination and a momentous massacre which will be spoken of like the Mongolian massacres and Crusades."  


Where were the forces of Israel standing and where were the Arabs standing after the War of Independence in 1948?  
This is important.  Israel's pre-1967 borders reflect this fact.  Professor Judge Stephen M. Schwebel, former President of the INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE wrote the International Law "Justice" and said that the 1949 armistice demarcation lines are not permanent borders. This judge has: 
1.  served on the International Court of Justice since January 15, 1981.  
2. He was Vice-President of the Court from 1994 to 1997 and 
3. President from 1997 to 2000.  
4.  He is the former Deputy Legal Adviser of the US Dept. of State. 
5.  He was the Burling Professor of International Law at the School of Advanced International Studies  of the Johns Hopkins University in Washington.  

His opinions quoted are not from his position as a judge of the International Court of Justice.  

He said that the armistice demarcation lines of 1949   are not permanent borders.  The agreements in 1949 preserved the territorial claims  of all parties and didn't purport to make definite boundaries between them. 
                                                                            
Esau, father of Arabs, and twin brother, Isaac, father of Jews.

The UN Security Resolution 54 of July 15, 1948 called upon the Arabs to accept a truce and stop their aggression.

Israel had indicated they accepted in principle a prolonging of the truce and that the States members of the Arab League had rejected the many appeals of the UN Mediator and of the Security Council's resolution 53 written on July 7, 1948 for the prolongation of the truce in Palestine.

Israel sees that there is consequently a renewal of hostilities in Palestine shown in the UN Security Council Resolution 54 in 1948.  

The demarcation line that emerged in the aftermath of the war was drawn up under the auspices of the UN mediator, Dr. Ralph Johnson Bunche.  That new boundary reflected the ceasefire lines of 1949 and was labeled, THE GREEN LINE.   A green pencil was used to draw the map of the armistice borders, thus the name.  

This 1949 so-called GREEN LINE didn't set out to "demarcate the Palestinian state."  THE GREEN LINE referred to demarcation lines separating Israelis from Arab forces at the conclusion of the 1948 War of Independence.  The armistice lines were NEVER intended to set permanent borders.  

One must remember their history.  JUDEA AND SAMARIA, CALLED THE WEST BANK BY JORDAN, was occupied by Jordan until 1967.  Because Jordan had attacked Israel and Israel had won the fight-Israel won Judea and Samaria.  It was originally supposed to be a part of the Jewish Homeland, and only because Jordan's King Abdullah I had stolen it and made it part of his kingdom-with the okay from England, of course, did it not become part of Israel in the first place in the final talks.  

The Armistice Agreement says clearly in Article V:

1. The Armistice Demarcation Line is not to be construed in any sense as a political or territorial boundary, and is delineated without prejudice to rights, claims and positions of either Party to the Armistice as regards ultimate settlement of the Palestine question.

Remember, the UN offered the Arabs their own Palestine before 1948 when they divided the land and the Arabs refused it on the grounds that they wanted all of the land; their half and the Jews' half.  The Jewish contingent had accepted the land promised minus 80% of it which had gone to King Abdullah.  They figured something was better than nothing.  
                                                                                

As of 1973, modern Israel has never known permanent boundaries.  Until 1967, its boundaries consisted of temporary armistice lines, agreed upon in 1949.  Since 1967's 6 Day War, and pending a peace settlement, cease-fire lines demarcate the area under Israeli control.  The cease-fire lines are 842 km (523 miles) long compared with the armistice lines which were 951 km (570 miles ) long.  Most of the urban regions of Israel are less than 2 hours away from the  nearest cease-fire lines.  Before 1967, the armistice lines bisected Jerusalem and were 20 minutes away from Tel Aviv.  

Originally, THE GREEN LINE was a term used to define Israel's borders with Jordan from the 1948 Independence War until the 1967 Six Day War.  That's when they first used the green marker negotiating an armistice in 1949 to show a border between the 2 countries.  

Today, THE GREEN LINE is used to show the pre -1967 border with Judea and Samaria and East Jerusalem, though East Jerusalem is now united with the rest of the city and is Israel's capital.  During the past 20 years of peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians, THE GREEN LINE  had become the generally accepted land marker used in land for peace negotiations.  

The Palestinians have a population of about 2.5 million over THE GREEN LINE and believe that all areas over the green line should be part of their future state.  

Israel maintains that the old 1949 GREEN LINE borders are indefensible.  At its narrowest point from the Mediterranean coast to the demarcation line, Israel is only about 9 miles wide.  It has also proposed land swaps of small areas of Israeli territory within the THE GREEN LINE in exchange for incorporating into Israel similar areas over THE GREEN LINE with large Israeli populations.  Israel has repeatedly offered as much as 95% of Judea and Samaria for a Palestinian state in exchange for peace and did that at Camp David in 2000.  It was refused.
                                                                                 
United Fatah and Hamas Terrorists creating Palestine

In 1980 I moved to Israel to teach English as a 2nd language.  On May 31, 1980, before I got there, the 4th Fatah Organization Convention from Damascus, Syria stated that " The Fatah movement-...aim is the liberation of Palestine in its entirety, and the extermination of the Zionist entity economically, politically, militarily, culturally and idealistically.  They are just a little bit nicer than the religious leader in Qatar, Qaradawi, who threatens to kill Jews with his bare hands.  

Israel has also reportedly offered Palestinian leadership the option of establishing the capital of a future state in East Jerusalem, a move that is considered controversial by many Israelis, but that offer is now moot.  The Palestinians had their chance, and have not changed since 1948.  The Pope just recognized Palestine.  They'll now have no need to recognize Israel, will they !  

The Arabs refuse to recognize Israel as a state, and Obama refuses to back off from demanding a 2 state solution.  I have the feeling he expects Israel to back down on all points, even expecting recognition from the Palestinians, whether they are Fatah or Hamas.   It's like expecting North Korea to make nice with South Korea.    Neither party is anxious for another get-together.    Their political and religious positions will not allow them to do so.  Many times Fatah and Hamas have united and broken apart.  It is Hamas who has the charter of their goal to destroy Israel and kill Jews.  Fatah is in agreement with them but just isn't as overtly active in practice.  They are more insidious about it.  

The EU and Obama, following at their heels, is again pounding the table to come to a peace agreement.  Israel has already celebrated their 67th birthday and are living their lives, planning and building on land that they feel is theirs since no peace agreement has been reached, even though they've offered the Palestinians, who had lost the many wars of 1948, 1956, 1967, 1973, 1982, etc, etc, everything except the moon.

We've come to the position where Israel can manage even when under attack.  For 67 years they've been coping.  Their people have turned into warriors defending their land.  They're believing in the future and building  because they have small children.  They are continuing their study of their laws, something that gives them security.  It would be nice to have peace with the Palestinians.  They've become extremely creative and lead the world in start-up businesses, 2nd to the USA.  I believe the Arabs really need it more than the Israelis at this point.  They need to alter their culture of death and hate into something much better. Recognizing Israel's rights and wanting peace would be their turn-around.   They have brains but are not using them, and their people are not benefiting from their leadership at all.  They're led into fighting and are losing their lives faster.  

All this points out why Israel feels they have the right to build in land they won in 1967's war that they did not start.  Obama keeps saying they must go back to the 1967 lines.  Why?  To be destroyed?  General Obama can lead his own people, but this is not the decision of our Israeli Generals.  This would be suicide.  
                                                                       
Syrian missiles to be used against Israel

Today, Israel is facing missiles from Lebanon and Syria and a possible A bomb in the near future from Iran.  This little gutsy state is determined to live and must do so.  6 million Jews who live there and the 1.7 Israeli Palestinians' lives depend on this state.  What would happen to the 6 million Jews of the USA and the 2 million scattered among the rest of the nations think would happen to them if Israel is destroyed?  When Israel won the 67 war, Israelis were the heroes of the day.  If they lost, all Jews everywhere would be attacked with anti-Semitic ferocity.  It would be Nazi Germany all over again.  Today there are more anti-Semitic attacks on Jews everywhere because the world leaders are caving into the constant demands of the Palestinians and the anti-Semitism from their brothers.  Our world leaders are not leading, they are following.  All it would take is some strong leadership in Israel's favor, not in her destruction.  


In 1947, the Arabs rejected the UN partition plan which would have created a Palestinian state.  

From 1948 to 1967, Judea and Samaria and Gaza were ruled by Arabs.  No thought was given to forming their own state.  It is ironic that the Arabs demand that Israel do for a Judea and Samaria and Gaza  what they were unwilling to do when they occupied the area.  

Up to this president, Obama,  the US had opposed the establishment of an independent Palestinian state.  Their position had been that it is not the answer.  President Bush had said that:
   "In all likelihood, such a state would become a radical nation dominated by the PLO or Islamic extremists such as Hamas.  The strong support for Iraq shown by residents of the territories during the Gulf War is but one recent example of the sort of radicalism that would likely envelop  such a country. "

   "The greatest danger, however, would be that a Palestinian state could serve as a forward base in a future war for Arab nations that have refused to make peace with Israel.  "In Israeli hands, Judea and Samaria represents a tremendous defensive asset whose possession by Israel deters Arab foes from even considering attack along an "eastern front."  This is a report by the Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies.  "Today, and Arab coalition attacking from east of the Jordan "would face very difficult fighting conditions" because if would be fighting uphill from the lowest point on the face of the earth:  the Dead Sea and the Rift Valley that runs below it."  The mountain ranges in Judea and Samaria constitute "Israel's main line of defense against Arab armies from the east.  "
  
Reference: Facts About Israel, Division of Information, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Jerusalem
Myths and Facts-by Mitchell G. bard, Joel Himelfarb, 1992
 http://www.ejjp.org/8-ejjp-statements/2-the-green-line-israel-palestine.html
http://www.adl.org/israel-international/israel-middle-east/content/AG/the-green-line.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/#.VV6aYdJViko
http://www.mythsandfacts.org/article_view.asp?articleID=191

Saturday, May 16, 2015

Anakim, The Giants of Canaan

Nadene Goldfoot                                                                      

According to biblical tradition, there were giants living in Canaan long before it was conquered by Joshua and the Israelites.  They were called the Anakim, which today just means in Hebrew: giants.  

They lived in Canaan's mountainous area of Judah.  Also, they were found in the southern coastal zone. These giants  lived in the south,  near Hebron (Gen. 23:2; Josh. 15:13). According to Gen. 14:5-6 they lived in the land of Edom (around Mt. Seir, south of the Dead Sea bordering on the Red Sea at Elath and Ezion Geber, descendants of Esau, and were hunters). 

They also lived in  Moab (country in southern Transjordan bounded by the river Heshbon in the north and the river Zered in the south, the Jordan and Dead Sea to the West and the Syrian Desert on the east.  They were kinfolk to the Israelites, descendants of Lot.  They had settled in their land which had been captured from the Rephaim in the days of Abraham.  Rephaim were an ancient people living in Transjordania in the time of Abraham.  Some of the settled near Jerusalem in the Valley of Rephaim.  
                                                                              

The Israelites seem to have identified them with the Nephilim, the giants (Gen 6:4),  they were a semi-legendary race in the antediluvian era  who sprung from the union of the "sons of G-d" and the "daughters of man." as myths may have taught before Judaism.   This took place before the FLOOD.  "The Nephilim were on the earth in those days--Actually, it referred to  the rulers of the day--and also afterward when  the sons of the rulers (princes and judges) would consort with the daughters of man (of the general populace) , who would bear to them.  They were the mighty who, from old, were men of devastation."   

 ( Numbers 13:33) of the antediluvian age. The Land through which we have passed, to spy it out, is a land that devours its inhabitants!  All the people that we saw in it were huge!  There we saw the Nephilim, the sons of the giant from among the Nephilim;  we were like grasshoppers in our eyes, and so we were in their eyes!" 
                                                                       
Joshua expelling them from the land
Joshua finally expelled them from the land, excepting a remnant that found a refuge in the cities of GazaGath, and Ashdod (Josh 11:22.)  Young David fought a Philistine giant Goliath  with his slingshot and killed him, saving his people.  
                                                                             
 The Anakim  are said to have come from 3 clans;  Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai, which are Aramaic names of 3 sons.  They were thought to come from a branch of the Rephaim.   The city of Debir, previously called Kiriath-Sepher, was their city.  "Debir has not been discovered with certainty in modern times; but about three miles to the west of Hebron is a deep and secluded valley called the Wady Nunkur , enclosed on the north by hills, of which one bears a name certainly suggestive of Debir--Dewir-ban."  "Judging from the names, it appears to have been some sacred place among the Canaanites, and a repository of their records." 

There are 2 biblical traditions about the Anakim.
  1.  Debir was captured by Joshua, found in Josh. 10:38-39).  He killed almost everyone.  (Josh 15: 13)  

  2. Debir was taken by Othniel, son of Kenaz. (Josh. 15:17). 

 Caleb drove out the 3 sons of Anak from there, Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai, the offspring of the Anak.  He went from there to the people of Debir.  The former name of Debir was Kiriath-sefer.  Caleb said, "Whoever conquers Kiriath-sefer, I shall give him my daughter, Achsah as a wife."  Othniel, son of Kenaz, brother of Caleb, conquered it and won himself a wife.  Caleb and Othniel were half brothers through their mother.  Kenaz was the father of Othniel and the stepfather of Caleb.  .  
                                                                   
Khirbet Rabud today
Debir is included in the list of priestly Levitical cities, and this is found in Josh. 21:15. Today it is commonly identified with Khirbet Rabudsouthwest of Hebron.   "Debir has been identified with the modern Edh-Dhaheriyeh, i.e., "the well on the ridge", to the south of Hebron.  "There seems to be several places identified as the site of Debir.  
                                                                              

Og, king of Bashan, was described as being extremely tall.  He was supposed to be the last of the Rephaim (Deut. 3:11). He was an Amorite king of the land of Rephaim in Bashan and Gilead.  He had attempted to interrupt the march of the Israelites but was defeated.  The land of Og was a strongly fortified territory throughout the Middle and late Bronze Ages.   Later giants were Goliath who was 6 cubits and a span tall (I Sam. 17) and  Ishbi-benob was another one 

(II Sam : 21:16). The Philistines again made war with Israel.  David and his servants went down and fought with the Philistines, and David became faint.  Ishbi-benob-who was one of the children of the giant, and whose spear weighed 300 copper weights and who was girded with a new sword-declared that he would strike down David.  Abishai, son of Zeruiah, came to his aid and he struck the Philistine, killing him."  It was customary for a warrior to kill someone on his first day in battle, in order to become fully initiated into the army.  Ishbi-benob chose the exhausted David as his victim.  The giants   (2 Samuel 21:15-22 ) were descendants of the Anakim.

II Sam: 21:19) There was another war with the Philistines in Gob, and Elhanan, son of Jaare-oregim, the Bethlehemite, struck down the brother of Goliath of Gath, who had a spear with a shaft like a weaver's beam. This giant's name was Lahmi.  

 There was another war in Gath.  There was a man of huge dimensions,  whose fingers and toes were 6 each, 24 in number.  He, too, was born to the giant.  He ridiculed Israel, and Jonathan, the son of David's brother, Shimea, struck him down.  

These 4 were born to the giant in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.  

A cubit was the length from the fingertips to the elbow, about 45.72 centimeters or 1 1/2 feet.  A span is 22.86 cm.  Goliath was  9 feet 9 inches tall.  
                                                                         
How tall is tall for a giant?  The tallest known was in  the USA.   There lived a man that was 8'11".  He was Robert Wadlow and was born in 1918 and died 22 years later in 1940.  That's the tallest recorded so far.
                                                                           
Actor Sacha Baron Cohen 6'3" and Isla Fisher 5'3"
A man who is 6'3" tall is a nice tall man these days.  If people are deprived of the right nutrients, they tend to not achieve their full potential height.  The 12 spies that Joshua sent to look into Canaan must have been pretty short, for they reported back that it was populated by giants, for they must have seen the people of the 3 clans.  (Judges 1:10) (Numbers 13:22) and (Numbers 13:33) (Gen. 6:4).

Today Israel's  average height of males at age 20 is 5'8.9" or 175.0cm.
The shortest people today are the Asians, and Indonesia holds the shortest of them at 5'3.6" or 161.5cm.
China's average is 5'6.3" or 168.3cm
                                                                       
Yao Ming, China's 7'6" center for China's basketball team is a giant compared to Nate Robinson 's 5'9" behind him.  Yao is an exception.  Yao Ming (born September 12, 1980 in Shanghai, China) is a retired Chinese professional basketball player who played for the Houston Rocketsof the National Basketball Association (NBA).  Yao is the only child of 6 ft 7 in (2.01 m) Yao Zhiyuan and 6 ft 3 in (1.90 m) Fang Fengdi, both of whom were former professional basketball players. At 11 pounds (5.0 kg), Yao weighed more than twice as much as the average Chinese newborn.  He weighed 310 lbs or 141 kg. when he played basketball.  
The tallest people today are the Scandinavians.
Netherlands is the tallest country at 5'11" or 181.0cm.
Iceland is 5'10.8" or 179.8cm
Norway is 5;10.7 or 179.7cm
Sweden is 5'10.6" or 179.3cm
Denmark is 5'10.4" or 178.8cm

Resource:  The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tallest_people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anakim
http://jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/1453-anakim
http://www.bible-history.com/geography/ancient-israel/ot/debir.html  large map of ancient Israel
http://www.interbasket.net/news/4385/2009/09/average-height-by-country-males-20-years/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yao_Ming
http://biblehub.com/topical/d/debir.htm
Tanach, the Stone Edition of ArtScroll series of Mesorah Heritage Foundation
http://jewishfactsfromportland.blogspot.com/2015/02/nephilim-and-other-giants-like-og-and.html

Thursday, May 07, 2015

Palestine and Britain's Mishandling of Mandate

Nadene Goldfoot                                                                                
        
The Brits, led by General Allenby,  occupied Jerusalem in December 1917 during World War I.

After World War I, the Middle East, an Ottoman Empire possession, went to the winners of the war.  Britain was given the mandate for Palestine which was to last for 30 years.  They were to police the land and help the Jews create their Jewish Homeland, as Palestine was to go to the Jews.  Jews  had lost their land, Judea and Israel to the Romans in 70 CE  and had been homeless for 2,000 years.  They had been suffering from anti-Semitism wherever they went, so this had been legally arranged.

The Brits, in order to carry out this mandate, chose High Commissioners to govern Palestine.  They were Chief executive officials.  The first man to be appointed was a Jew, Sir Herbert Samuel (1870-1963) whose time ran from 1920 to 1925.  This appointment evoked great hopes among the Jews, especially as he was known to be a supporter of Zionism.  Samuels was the first Jew to be a member of a British cabinet and did so by 1909.  He had held office in the Liberal government from 1905 to 1916.  After being a High Commisioner in Palestine, he was in the national government from 1931 to 1932.  His memorandum to the Cabinet in 1914 influenced the Balfour Declaration.  He became the leader of the Liberal Party in the House of Commons from 1931 to 1935 and in the House of Lords from 1944 to 1955.

His initial task was complicated by the delay in confirming the Mandate and by Arab violence.  He suspended Jewish immigration, the very thing he was to allow and help to happen.  Why?  Arab violence had started in 1921.  Why did they riot?
                                                                           
One of the first things Samuel did, obviously to get in tight with the Arabs who probably scared him, was to appoint Haj Mohammed Amin el-Husseini (1893-1974) as the Grand Mufi of Jerusalem and if that wasn't enough, also the head of the Supreme Moslem Council in 1921.  Husseini therefore had the title of Sherif of Jerusalem and The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem.  Samuel showed Husseini much benevolence.  Was it because he came from a long standing Jerusalemite Arab family that had traced their genealogy back to the grandson of Mohammad?    Why did he do this when he knew that in 30 years it was all to become a Jewish state?
                                                                               
Emir Feisal (1883 Mecca, Saudi Arabia-1933 Switzerland)third son of Hussein bin Ali, the Grand Sharif of Mecca, later King of Syria in 1920, then King of Iraq from 1921-1933, member of Hashemite Kingdom like today's King of Jordan, a descendant from Mohammad
Husseini was in direct opposition and competition with Emir Feisal, who was THE spokesman for all the Arabs.  He was for the Jews' return and had high hopes that they would be able to improve his people just by living there and showing them more modern ideas and ways.                                                                                                                                                                        
Chaim Weizmann
Chaim Weizmann, Emir Feisal 
Emir Faisal's delegation at Versailles, during the Paris Peace Conference of 1919
Feisal had had meetings with Chaim Weizmann (1874 Belarus-1952 Israel).  Chaim had helped the English to win the war with his invention that made ammunition far better than the enemy had, and so was being rewarded for this by being heard.  It was all agreed upon.  All except the stone in the mix; Husseini,  who didn't want to give up his position as a very important man in Jerusalem and was afraid this would happen once more Jews moved there  and become a Jewish city once again.  He instigated riots in 1921.

This may have brought about the White Paper in June 1922. which followed a statement by Winston Churchill who was the present day secretary for the colonies.  It stated that the aim of the Balfour Declaration was to establish a Jewish National Home, but not Jewish domination.  He said that the Jews were there by right and not on sufferance.  It also made Jewish immigration into Palestine dependent on absorptive  capacity.  As a direct result of the White Paper, Transjordan was affected.   It detached Transjordan from Palestine and came as a large disappointment to the Jews.  The Balfour Declaration had included the area of  Transjordan.

The Balfour Declaration was part of the legal complexities that Jews had been wading through in order to be able to go back to their original land of Israel and Judea legally.  It was an official statement issued on November 2, 1917 at the end of World War I by the British secretary, Arthur James BALFOUR.  It had declared that the British government favored the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people and would use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that NOTHING shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country (thinking of the Jews of England who would not like to be rooted up from their homes and shipped off to this home.) such as Samuel.  Actually, this was setting up an unrealistic but idealistic Garden of Eden where Arabs would step aside for returning Jews.

This Declaration came about after LONG negotiations initiated by Chaim Weizmann, Nahum Sokolow and others shortly after the outbreak of World War I, with the support of Herbert Samuel, Chief Rabbi J.H. Hertz, the Haham Moses Gaster, and others.  There was much discussion on the formula of the Declaration and its timing.  Balfour visited the USA in Spring of 1917 and met with President Wilson who supported the efforts of the American Zionists who were headed by Louis Brandeis which expedited the final decision of the British government.

We had Jews at that time who were afraid of it happening and were against the idea.  They were the presidents of the Board of Deputies of British Jews and of the Anglo-Jewish Association.  DL Alexander and CG Montefiore issued a statement that the Zionist aspirations were calculated to endanger the Jewish position in all countries.  All countries meant the Western of USA and England, evidently, for pogroms and anti-Semitism were going great in France and Russia.  All this rebuttal made Britain even more cautious, so they didn't accept the wording from the Zionists that said:
1. To recognize Palestine as "the national home of the Jewish people"
2. For providing a "Jewish National Colonizing Corporation" for the resettlement and economic development of the country.

The Declaration, after having finally been approved by the British cabinet, was sent to Lord Walter Rothchild who was asked to convey it to the Zionist Federation.  It was approved by other Allied governments and incorporated in the Mandate in 1922.

Samuel did a few helpful things such as erecting the structure of the new Palestine, creating a solid governmental machinery and turning a chaotic country into an organized state, good for England but not for the future of the Jews.  The foundations of the Jewish National Home were  firmly laid down during his term of office.

Lord Plumer was the 2nd High Commissioner from 1925 to 1928.  He, on the other hand, refused to restrict Jewish immigration and displayed much administrative energy.  Under his rule, Palestine citizenship provisos were laid down.  A water supply for Jerusalem was installed.  Public works schemes were inaugurated to meet the threat of unemployment.

Sir John Chancellor was the 3rd High Commissioner from 1928 to 1931.  1929 was a year of much rioting and deaths of Jews, instigated again by the Grand Mufti.  Chancellor condemned the 1929 Arab massacres in outspoken terms.  They had happened when he was away on leave, but later was inclined to temporize.

Sir Arthur Wauchope was the 4th High Commissioner from 1931 to 1937.  He was sympathetic to Jewish aspirations while being scrupulously fair to the Arabs.   I note that Nazis were gaining power in Germany at this time, and by 1937, things were terrible for Jews living there.  They were trying to emigrate from Germany and many wanted to come to Palestine and found it difficult to get in there or to the USA.  During Wauchope's period of office, the stream of immigrants rapidly increased, naturally.

This led to Arab restiveness which he tried to pacify by promising a Legislative Council.  He failed to quell the Arab revolt of 1936, again led by the Grand Mufti and this led to the end of his position.  In 1936, Husseini was chairman of the Arab Supreme Council so  had organized the Palestine disturbances for which he was sentenced to exile in 1937.  He fled to Lebanon.
                                                                             
Grand Mufti meeting with Hitler in Germany-November 1941
Sir Harold MacMichael (1882-1969)  was the 5th High Commissioner from 1938 to 1944. He was 56 when he took the post.  These were the war years.  He was the man in office during the war who refused to admit Jewish refugees from Europe.  This made him very unpopular with the Jewish population.  He was blamed for sending at least 768 Jewish refugees aboard MV Struma to their deaths. It was an "illegal" immigrant ship which left Romania in 1941 for Palestine and reached Istanbul, Turkey but were turned back.  It was MacMichael who had refused them entry into Palestine. The boat floundered in the Black Sea with the loss of all on board.  Seven unsuccessful attempts, mainly by Lehi (Stern Gang/Stern Group) , were undertaken to assassinate him during his sojourn in Palestine. In the last, both he and his wife narrowly escaped death in an ambush Lehi mounted on 8 August 1944 on the eve of his replacement as High Commissioner.

Viscount Gort was the 6th High Commissioner from 1944 to 1945.  He was sympathetic for the Jews, but was unable to make a fundamental change in the British government's policy.

Sir Alan Cunningham was the 7th and last High Commissioner from 1945 to 1948.  On May 14, he and his soldiers left.  He governed the country throughout the eventful happenings which culminated in the British withdrawal from Palestine.  By 1946, the population of Jerusalem reached 165,000 of whom 100,000 were Jews.  The city expanded and the Hebrew University was erected on Mt. Scopus.  This was a period of Jewish resistance to the  British Mandatory government.  The UN partition resolution of November 29, 1947 provided for the creation of an independent area of Jerusalem under the UN administration.  Arab outbreaks which were exactly like warfare were between the Haganah and the Arabs who had developed into the Arab Legion of Transjordan  seemed to put an end to this international scheme.  During that time, the Jewish quarter in the Old City had to be evacuated and was destroyed.  The rest of Jerusalem fell into Jewish hands.  The Arab Legion was shelling and starving the Jews in trying to get them  to surrender, but that was foiled by the fortitude of the Jews and by the opening of the Burma Road which restored the connection between Jewish Jerusalem and the coast.

Husseini, the Grand Mufti,  participated in Rashid Ali's pro-Axis coup in Iraq during World War II before he went to Europe, where he assisted Hitler and was largely responsible for the liquidation of the Jews in the Moslem areas of Bosnia.  In 1946 he escaped to Egypt.  Now we see Gaza was also affected by him.  After 1948, he set up a Palestine Government in Gaza, but it was short-lived.  Later, he set one up in Cairo, Egypt.  All this power was given to him by Samuel.  Evidently Samuel didn't vet him.

Ressource: The New Standard Jewish Encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haj_Amin_al-Husseini
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faisal_I_of_Iraq
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/muftihit.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_MacMichael